Credit and Finance for MSMEs: Launched by Prime Minister in November 2018, SIDBI’s 59-minute loan approval scheme for MSMEs has managed to sanction only 2,29,883 loans involving Rs 75,944 crore as of March 31, 2021. The growth in approved loans has remained single-digit, while the disbursement rate has remained above 90 percent, with 2,14,534 loans involving Rs 62,105 Ministry’s data. As per RBI’s data, this is 5.4 percent of the Rs 11.48 lakh crore bank credit deployed to micro and small enterprises in January this year. The scheme, which offers in-principle approval to a term loan or working capital loan to MSMEs and others from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 1 crore within 59 minutes, has awareness as it is a key challenge to penetrate deeper into the MSME segment, according to Jin and Shah, Chief Executive Officer, that operates SIDBI’s 59-minute loan scheme. In an interaction with Financial Express Online, Shah explains bank engagement towards faster credit disbursement, slow rate of sanctioned loans, addressable market opportunity, targets for this , and more. Edited excerpts are below:
The quarterly disbursement rate has been consistently above 90 percent from last year until March. It hasn’t deviated from 93 percent. Do you see banks being proactive in lending through this scheme?
The Sanctioned-to-disbursement ratio has to be above 90 percent. When an application has been sanctioned, it hardly requires further processing for disbursement. If there is any fallout post-sanctioning, it is primarily due to pre-disbursement conditions not being fulfilled by the applicant. Post-sanction, if the application is not disbursed, there is always a question on the bank. So above the 90 percent ratio, we want to continue ahead as well. A few banks are very active and positive towards sanctioning and disbursement, while there are others we must push from our end. It is also a matter at the branch level as,, remote branches take time to process, even as, ultimately, it is about how proactive the branch manager is. So, educating the thing for this scheme to be successful.
Do you think MSMEs are well aware of the portal?
Awareness about the scheme among MSMEs is the biggest challenge. While the, we have only touched the tip of the iceberg, as the market is enormous. This year we are targeting to create more awareness among this target audience.
Last year’s quarterly growth in sanctioned loan applications has been only around 5 percent or less than that. Are you looking to speed up the sanctioningthis year?
We wanted to seeperforms for the initial two to three years,d whether banks sanction loans in time and whether sanctioning is converting into disbursement. We tried to get these two data points right. Here also, bank awareness is essential to ensure sanctioning and allocation are happening. The number we have touched is relatively small compared to the market before us. We have hardly touched 1 percent of the 6.3 crore MSMEs in India through this scheme. We want to grow above 10 percent this year.
Do you mean there could be exponential growth in lending to MSMEs through this initiative, as the credit gap in the MSME sector is enormous?
If we create awareness about the portal, there will be exponential growth. However, we also want to ensure that the infrastructure is working. If you keep campaigning on a mass basis, and the infrastructure is not working, it will create a lot of hues and cry in the market. By infrastructure, I mean bankers getting aware that all banks validate the process and that the delinquency ratio or non-performing asset (NPA) ratio is minuscule. Only itto adopt. Now we are more focused on the MSME front. The turnaround time, which used to be 60-90 days for banks, has been reduced to 7-10 days. Private banks and NBFCs used to offer loans against without property. That’s an achievement. So, infrastructure is now created.
How many loans are you looking to sanction thisand probably by next year-end?
Our targets are pretty high, but we would like to reach double the number of current sanctioned loans, or at least five lakhs by the end of thisyear of approved loans. This target is reachable if MSMEs are aware of the scheme and start applying; they can access as it is a priority sector. They will want to lend if they get qualified and digitally verified proposals. Banks are happy to lend if their cost of lending is reduced. So, let’s say I am doing the entire appraisal process through the portal, and the cost of borrowing from a bank is decreased tremendously. Banks have limited bandwidth in terms of the workforce at branches. For example, every unit would have three rural areas managing savings, loans, collections, and government schemes. If they get a digital infrastructure like the 59-minute loan scheme, the system does 80 percent of their lending . It is just KYC and some manual verification they to do to disburse the amount.
Are you looking to diversify the loan offerings this year?
Around 60-65 percent of sanctioned loan applications belong to MSMEs in the manufacturing and services sectors, while verticalaccounts for another 30-35 percent. we would be looking to expand the product offering to something like a commercial vehicle loan for MSMEs, as today, we don’t have a loan product for buying a commercial vehicle via the 59-minute loan portal.