More data stolen in January 2021 than in all of 2017, says report

by Joseph K. Clark

A total of 878.17 million data records were compromised worldwide in January 2021 alone, more than in the entire 12 months of 2017, setting 2021 as a record-breaker in breach volumes, according to an analysis of thousands of published data breach details by researchers at Imperva in the compilation of a newly published report, Lessons learned from analyzing 100 data breaches.

Imperva found that the number and severity of data breaches have grown startlingly. It revealed that 826.53 million records were compromised in 488 breaches in 2017, with an average of 1.7 million records per breach. In 2018, 2.34 billion records were compromised in 577 breaches, a 14% increase in bviolationsand a 183% increase in the volume of compromised data.

The year 2019 saw 956 recorded breaches, with a loss of 12.3 billion records, a 72% increase in violations, sand a 426% increase inthe volume of compromised data, while the year 2020 saw 1,120 recorded violations, with a loss of 20.21 billion records, a 17% increase in violations and a 64% increase inthe volume of compromised data. There was a fairly strong correlation between the growth curves for the total number of records lost and an average number of records lost per breach.

Report author Ofir Shaty, Imperva security analyst technology lead, said it was clear from the trend over the past four-and-a-bit years that it was accelerating. “We can estimate that year-over-year we will see around three times more records stolen annually [in 2021],” he wrote.

Shady predicted that this year would see about 1,500 breach incidents, with 40 billion compromised records and an average of 26 million compromised records per breach.

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“The constant increase in data breaches is a result of multiple factors,” he wrote. “We live in a digitalization era in which more services are consumed daily, with the majority online.

“More businesses are migrating to the cloud, which makes them more vulnerable if not done carefully. The amount of data that is out there is enormous, and it is increasing every year.

The increase in the amount of stolen data is the result of similar factors.“Information security adoption is slower than digital services that profit from the addiction to and consumption of the same online services. The increasing number of breaches yearly results from this gap.”

Shaty added: “2020 was a year with a big impact on digitalization, with many sectors making a very quick shift into digitalization to make themselves available through the Covid pandemic. Such a fast, dramatic change is likely to have security implications.”

The report, published partly to coincide with the third anniversary of the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe – which fell on Tuesday, 25 May 2021 – also contains insight into the types of data compromised.

Imperva found that the most frequently stolen data type was personally identifiable information (PII), including full names, gender, age, location, health, religion, and sexual orientation. This accounted for 75.9% of the stolen data identified. A further 14.9% was accounted for by password and credential data, and around 9.2% related to credit card information.

Shaty said the widespread loss of PII was a strong indicator that organizations were not putting enough effort into securing it – noting that many of the lcasualtiesoccurred because PII is frequently swapped around between systems, people, and suppliers. Credit card data appears to be the most “vigorously protected” but is clearly in high demand on the dark web and frequently targeted by cyber criminals.

Almost 50% of the breaches identified began in web applications, either through an SQL injection vulnerability or another type of vulnerability, such as remote code execution (RCE). Another big cause was data left publicly accessible, accounting for 15% of breaches – often due to a lack of care to secure cloud storage instances (ElasticSearch and AWS S3 were the most commonly exposed data sources). While instrumental in many high-profile ransomware attacks, phishing accounted for just 3.8% of initial breaches.

Imperva is currently rolling out a new data protection service, Imperva Data Privacy, designed to help organizations mitigates some of their GDPR risks by automating core processes and foundational tasks of data privacy compliance – such as data subject access requests (DSARs). The service is built on its existing Sonar platform, which unifies monitoring of edge, apps, APIs, and network security, “making transparency and accountability with privacy regulations easy”, said Imperva.

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