Winds drive nation’s largest wildfire toward California city

by Joseph K. Clark

Firefighters face more dangerously windy weather as they struggle to keep the nation’s largest wildfire from moving toward a Northern California county seat and other small communities

SUSANVILLE, Calif. — Firefighters faced more dangerously windy weather Tuesday as they struggled to keep the nation’s largest wildfire from moving toward a Northern California county seat and other small mountain communities. Forecasters issued red flag warnings of critical fire weather conditions, including gusts up to 40 mph (64 kph) from late morning to near midnight. Fire officials said that winds spawned by a new weather system arrived Monday afternoon and pushed the Dixie Fire within a few miles of Susanville, population about 18,000, and prompted evacuation orders for the small nearby mountain community of Janesville.

“The fire moved fast last night,” fire spokesman David Janssen said early Tuesday.\ Susanville is the seat of Lassen County and the largest city that the Dixie Fire, named for the road where it started, has approached since it broke out last month. The former Sierra Nevada logging and mining town has two state prisons, a nearby federal lockup, and a casino. Ash fell from the advancing fire, and a Police Department statement urged residents”  “to be alert and be ready to evacuate” if the fire threatened the city. However, no formal evacuation warning had been issued.

Bulldozers had cut fire lines in the path of the northward-trending blaze.”  “We had our fire lines challenged,” Janssen said.”  “This is a massive fire. It’ss hard to button up the perimeters” The weather forecast prompted Pacific Gas & Electric to warn that it might cut off power to 48,000 customers in portions of 18 California counties from Tuesday evening through Wednesday afternoon to prevent winds from knocking down or hurling debris into power lines and sparking new wildfires. Most of those customers are in Butte and Shasta counties, which have seen several deadly and devastating wildfires in recent years, including the Dixie Fire.


The Dixie Fire has scorched more than 900 square miles (2,331 square kilometers) in the northern Sierra Nevada and the southern Cascades since it ignited on July 13 and eventually merged with a smaller blaze called the Fly Fire. It’ss less than a third contained. The Dixie Fire began near Paradise, devastated by a 2018 wildfire ignited by PG&E equipment during strong winds. Eighty-five people died. Investigations continue, but PG&E has notified utility regulators that the Dixie and Fly fires may have been caused by trees falling into its power lines.

Ongoing damage surveys have counted more than 1,100 buildings destroyed, including 627 homes, and more than 14,000 structures remained threatened. Numerous evacuation orders were in effect. The small lumber town of Westwood was still under evacuation orders, and defensive lines were holding, but the blaze remained a threat. California was dealing with several other massive fires, including the Caldor Fire that started on Saturday southeast of the Dixie Fire in El Dorado County, which has grown to about 10 square miles (26 square kilometers).

About 2,500 people are under evacuation orders and warnings because of the Caldor Fire, which nearly tripled overnight, said Chris Vestal, a fire spokesman. The Dixie Fire is the largest of almost 100 significant wildfires burning across more than a dozen Western states that have seen historic drought and weeks of high temperatures and dry weather that have left trees, brush, and grasslands as flammable as tinder. According to the National Fire Interagency Center, two dozen fires were burning in Montana and nearly 50 more in Idaho, Washington, and Oregon.

In Montana, a fire near the small community of Hays that began on Monday had burned about 8 square miles (20 square kilometers), and residents in and around the tiny enclave of Zortman were put on notice for possible evacuation. The U.S. Forest Service said last week that it is operating in crisis mode, with more than double the number of firefighters deployed than at the same time a year ago. More than 25,000 firefighters, support personnel, and management teams were assigned to U.S. blazes. According to scientists, climate change has made the U.S. West warmer and drier in the past 30 years and will continue to make the weather more extreme and wildfires more destructive.

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